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#1 08-04-2018 10:12:49

liyao12345
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Date d'inscription: 17-03-2018
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When working an automotive home company

Know About Cotinine Drug Testing Published: 04.06.2010 | Author: jhonwilliamsd | Category: Disease & Illness
Cotinine is a metabolic of nicotine Nazem Kadri Maple Leafs Jersey , used to measure the grade of tobacco smoking. According to National Survey On Drug Use 2007, overall 68 million people abuse tobacco, and more than 3.5 million teens abuse tobacco between 12-17 years. Detection of smoke levels present in the body is possible with help of Cotinine test. Cotinine levels describe the level of smoke in the body.


Cotinine abuse
Cotinine abuse is similar to any illicit drug abuse. Cotinine is major metabolite of nicotine. Cotinine is present in nicotine, and smoked in cigarettes, chewed, and sniffed. When nicotine is metabolized, it gradually builds the level of cotinine in the body of both habitual smokers, and regular smokers. This drug is popular among teens because it is available in colorful packages with flavor choices to abuse. Cotinine itself is not harmful but nicotine is harmful, and has many adverse effects on the health of the abuser.


Test for cotinine
Cotinine effects are present in body for 20 hours from the time of consumption. Cotinine levels can be detected using various methods like gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Cotinine can be detectable from days to one week after tobacco abuse. Cigarette preference, menthol, puff size, and many other factors influence the detection period of cotinine using different testing types. Different persons have different levels of cotinine in the body with regular smoking. One way to reduce the cotinine levels in the body is to stop smoking.


Immunoassay technology used for detecting illicit drugs, can detect cotinine substance in body. Detection period of cotinine from specimen is four days after consumption. Cotinine retains in the blood for long period after consumption through smoking. There are many methods used for detecting cotinine. One of the preferred method is urine drug testing. Cotinine testing through saliva drug testing is difficult both in terms of collecting the specimen as well as drug detection. Using testing kits, testing process of cotinine is simple, and easy to perform at home. Often, lab confirmation tests are used to test cotinine levels for accurate results.


The above information gives you an overview about cotinine abuse, and testing methods. Cotinine drug testing makes it easier to detect presence of nicotine, and its metabolism presence in body.


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Two bidders celebrate with others after winning a bid during the CCTV 2014 prime-time ad auction in Beijing on Monday. Photo: IC

China Central Television (CCTV), the country's State broadcaster, said that total revenue for 2014's advertising slots exceeded 2012's record amount but did not release any figures, after it held a nearly 10-hour auction for its prime-time advertising slots Monday.


"The food and beverage, home appliance and automobile sectors were the top three ad spenders on CCTV. The tourism and healthcare sectors also recorded significant growth in ad spending," CCTV Advertising Center said in a statement e-mailed to the Global Times on Monday.


With one-third of the country's audience share, CCTV's annual ad auction is seen as a barometer not only for the advertising industry but also for China's economy.


This is the 20th year that the national broadcaster has held such an auction, but the first time that it did not release the ad revenue raised from the auction. In last year's auction for 2013 prime-time advertisement slots, CCTV earned record revenue of 15.88 billion yuan ($2.6 billion), up 11.39 percent year-on-year.


Monday's revenue for prime-time advertising slots will not be representative of CCTV's total ad revenue, as 70 percent of CCTV's 2014 ad slots were sold between September 17 and October 31, He Haiming, director of CCTV Advertising Center, said in an early media interview on November 2.


Major bidders in Monday's auction included e-commerce platform tmall, home appliance retailer chain Gome Electrical Appliances Holding and domestic online education platform noahedu.


"Through advertising on CCTV this year, Gome's brand awareness and reputation have seen rapid gains, which is reflected in our third-quarter financial report," He Yangqing, senior vice president of Gome, told a media briefing on the sidelines of the auction.


Gome's net profit amounted to 582 million yuan in the first three quarters of 2013, compared to a net loss of 687 million yuan during the same period last year, according to the company.


"High-end liquor brands such as JNC, last year's top bidder, and Kweichow Moutai kept a low profile during Monday's auction, partly due to the country's crackdown on official spending and extravagance," Yu Fei, a brand expert with marketing consultancy Lange Zhiyang, told the. Cheap Colombia Soccer Jerseys   Cheap Chile Soccer Jerseys   Wholesale Brazil Jerseys   Wholesale Belgium Jerseys   Wholesale Argentina Jerseys   Wholesale Wales Jerseys   Wholesale USA Womens Jerseys   Wholesale Uruguay Jerseys   Wholesale Switzerland Jerseys   Wholesale Sweden Soccer Jerseys

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